Y.H. Park Taekwondo Curriculum

Belt Curriculum

White Belt
Nak Bup: Front, Back, Left, Right
Stances: Ready, Horseback, Walking and Forward
Basic Blocking Routine
Jab & Reverse Punches
Kicks: Front Snap Kick, Roundhouse, Rising and Crescent
Oral Test: Count 1-10, Five Aims, Basic Terminology
Yellow Belt
Sa Bang Chuk 1
Poomse: Tae Guk Il Jang (Kee Bon Poomse for Children)
Kicks: Axe, Side, Basic Kicking
Board Breaking: Adults – Front Snap Kick, Children – Flying Side Kick
Nak Bup: Combination
Oral test: Student Creed, Count 1-20
Orange Belt
Sa Bang Chuk 2
Poomse: Tae Guk Ee Jang
Stance: Back Stance
Kicks: Skipping Front Snap, Roundhouse, Side, Axe
Oral test: Eleven Commandments of Taekwondo
Green Belt
Sa Bang Chuck 3
Poomse: Tae Guk Sam Jang
Kick: Spinning Back Kick
Board Breaking: Adult: Knife Hand, Children: Front Snap Kick
Oral Test: History of Taekwondo (Children: 3 ancient Kingdoms of Korea)
Blue Belt
Sa Bang Chuck 4
Poomse: Tae Guk Sa Jang
Kicks: Skipping Hook Kick
1 Step Sparring: 1 & 2 (adults only)
Oral Test: Philosophy of Taekwondo (Children: Meanings of the 5 Codes
High Blue Belt
Sa Bang Chuck 5
Poomse: Palgue Il Jang
1 Step Sparring: 1-4 (adults only)
Board Breaking: Skipping Side Kick
Oral Test: Children-History of Taekwondo (Adults-No question for this test)
Purple Belt
Sa Bang Chuk 6
Poomse: Tae Guk Oh Jang
1 Step Sparring: 1-6 (adults only)
Kicks: Spinning Back Hook Kick
Oral Test: Old names of Taekwondo (minimum of 3)
High Purple Belt
Sa Bang Chuk 7
Poomse: Palgue Ee Jang
1 Step Sparring: 1-8 (adults only)
Board Breaking: Jumping Front Kick
Oral Test: Taekwondo/Olympic Relations
Red Belt
Sa Bang Chuk 8
Poomse: Tae Guk Yuk Jang
1 Step Sparring: 1-10 (adults), 1&2 (children)
Kick: Narabang
Board Breaking: Reverse Punch
Oral Test: No question for this test
High Red Belt
Sa Bang Chuk 9
Poomse: Palgue Sam Jang
1 Step Sparring: 1-12 (adults), 1-5 (children)
Board Breaking: Spinning Back Kick
Oral Test: Explain the meaning of the Ji Do Kwan symbol
Brown Belt
Sa Bang Chuk 10
Poomse: Tae Guk Chil Jang
1 Step Sparring: 1-14 (adults), 1-7 (children)
Board Breaking: Spinning Back Hook Kick
Oral Test: Children-Biography (Sabumnim chooses subject), Adults-No question for this test
High Brown Belt
Sa Bang Chuk 11
Poomse: Palgue Sa Jang
1 Step Sparring: 1-16 (adults), 1-10 (children)
Board Breaking: Adult – 2 Boards, Spinning Back Kick, Children – 1″ Board, Spinning Back Kick
Oral Test: Student chooses one of the 11 Commandments of Taekwondo and explains its importance.
Sa Bang Chuck 12
Poomse: Tae guk Pal Jang
1 Step Sparring: 1-18 (adults), 1-12 (children)
Board Breaking: 2 station breaking (1 hand technique and 1 kick)
Oral Test: No question for this test
Bo Dan
Sa Bang Chuk: 1-13
Poomse: Palgue Oh Jang (Tae Guks 1-8 & Palgues 1-5)
1 Step Sparring: 1-20 (adults), 1-15 (children)
Self-Defense: ALL
Board Breaking: 3 Station Technical, 3 Board Back Kick, Power Breaking w/Hand
Tests: Written Test, Written & Oral Essays
Black Belt – First Dan
Koryo Poomse
Sa Bang Chuck: 14
1 Step Sparring: 21&22 (adults), 16&17 (children)
Target Sparring
Board Breaking


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Basic Blocking
down block = ahre maggiinner block = ahn maggiouter block = backat maggihigh block = eogul maggineck attack = moc chi-gi
Basic Kicking
front rising kick = bodo oligifront snap kick = ahp cha-giroundhouse kick = ahp dolryo cha-giside kick = yop cha-giinner crossing kick = ahn hoo-ri-giouter crossing kick = bakcat hoo-ri-giback kick = dwi cha-giback hook kick = dwi hoo-ri-gi

spinning jumping roundhouse = na-ra bang

come to attention= cha-ryotbow kyong-yeready = joonbibegin/start = sijakreturn (to previous position) = barrostop = gu-manbreak = kal-ryoabout face = dwi-ro-do-ra
walking stance = ahp sugiforward stance = ahp-gubiback stance = dwi-gubitiger stance = bum sug
1 = hanna
2 = dul
3 = set
4 = net
5 = dasot
6 = yasot
7 = elgub
8 = yodol
9 = ahob
10= yol
11= yol-hanna
12= yol-dul
13= yol-set
14= yol-net
15= yol-dasot
16= yol-yasot
17= yol-elgub
18= yol-yodol
19= yol-ahob
20 = smool
30 = solun
40 = maheun
50 = shiatun
60 = yesoon
70 = elheun
80 = yudeun
90 = aheun
100 = pak
Grand master = kwan jang nimMaster instructor = sabumnimuniform = dobokschool of taekwondo = dojangsparring = kyorgithank you = kam-sa-hap-ni-dabelt = diflag = kukki

taekwondo = kick, punch the way of Life


Forms are one of the most important elements in the development of Tae Kwon Do. They range from beginner through master level where students learn to develop their proper Tae Kwon Do techniques. The forms’ steps are quite easy to learn, but they are very difficult to perfect when the students have to perform correctly. This difficulty comes from the refinement of coordination, balance, timing, breath control and rhythm, all of which take time to master. Forms can be practiced anywhere and at any time which is beneficial for many students when they have to practice by themselves.

poomseMany students come to realize that stances play a key role of how a form should be executed. It is difficult to execute a form without proper stances. The reason is that students lose their balance and the quality of the form does not look impressive is due to awkward stances. The stances all range differently according to the level of a form. Most forms require more than one type of stance. To finish a poomse system students must come to distinguish the differences among basic types of stances. Here are some of the basic stances: Walking stance, Forward stance, Back stance, Tiger stance, Horse stance and Cross stance.

Basically, forms are a series of defending and attacking movements performed against imaginary opponents in a set pattern. The movements include 90, 180, and 360 degree turns and motions of up, down, left, and right in order to deal with a wide array of attacks from all possible directions. It is essential in Tae Kwon Do for students to become equally proficient in defending or attacking from both the left and right side of the body as the situation demands. This is similar to the Sa Bang Chuk methods, but the difference is that Sa Bang Chuk contains only offensive moves for attacking opponents from all sides (see Sa Bang Chuk). Forms contain both defensive and offensive movements. To perfect a poomse series, practice repetitively until it is deeply ingrained so that all movements are instinctive. Below are the names of the forms that range from white to first degree black belt.


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Board Breaking

Breaking boards and bricks are the most spectacular aspect of Tae Kwon Do. A student with precise focus control will be able to demonstrate his/her power to utilize the bare hands and feet to break the target. Breaking techniques are not about a person with strength and muscle mass, but about generating energy to the mind and body to create a personal inner-strength. This inner-strength is accomplished by allowing the body to relax before the blow is struck. When this process is done properly, a student not only break a target cleanly but also with no pain.

Why is breaking important to the development of a student’s Tae Kwon Do training? Breaking helps a student to be self aware of his/her surrounding by developing strong listening skills and concentrating what lays before them. A strong focus will execute a sound judgment. It takes many years of practice and key meditation for a student to understand his/her mind and body capabilities to challenge the level stack of boards and bricks.

boardbreaking_grantIt is as important to break a target as well as holding a target. Proper holding techniques do take extreme focus for the holder to be unified with the breaker. The holder must hold a target with precision so that the breaker will break on target. It is also important for the holder to concentrate his/her energy to avoid injuries from the breaker’s power. Some advance breaking techniques do not required a holder which take a student years to understand this level of focus.

Breaking techniques are performed in belt tests and Elite Demonstration Team events.

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andy_sparringPart of a student’s Tae Kwon Do training is the challenge and excitement of sparring. It is the best way for a student to test his or her practical fighting ability. Master Kim encourages the students to participate in a non-contact or light contact sparring. The idea is to provide as realistic a fighting situation as possible for the student to develop his or her skills more effectively. There are three methods of sparring we practice at the Dojang; offensive attack, defensive counter attack, and free sparring. Each week, the methods of sparring are rotated so they can be emphasized more in depth. All students who participate in sparring must wear protective gear to reduce body injuries.

teenboys_sparring2Most students enjoy the excitement of sparring when they are participating or watching a tournament. A competition in a tournament has its own set of rules of proper respect for your opponent and restrictions in certain areas of attack. Before students are allowed to begin sparring, certain basic fundamental techniques must be mastered. These techniques allow students to make a smooth transition from the more rigid movements of simple drills to fluid motions of a competitive fighter. Students will come to understand their basic skills that must be learned in order to become effective competitors. The skills are developed by understanding three concepts of accuracy, speed, and power. One cannot workout with the other. A student who learns to have accurate balance, footwork, hand and foot techniques will produce speed and speed will generate power. All three concepts take time in order to understand the science of sparring.

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